Fooling Toxins with Mimetic Nanosponges
Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles wrapped with red blood cell membranes neutralize pore-forming toxins
Duke University engineers have developed a novel method for producing clean hydrogen, which could prove essential to weaning society off of fossil fuels and their environmental implications. While hydrogen is ubiquitous in the environment, producing and collecting molecular hydrogen for transportation and industrial uses is expensive and complicated. Just as importantly, a byproduct of most … more…
Di- or trisubstituted olefins were synthesized in high yields with excellent regio- and cis–trans selectivities in one-pot reactions, including a regioselective DBU-promoted trans HBr elimination. This one-pot methodology could become a straightforward transformation of “straight” alkenes into “Y-shaped” alkenes.
Although ammonia (NH3) is a cheap, abundant, and readily available nitrogen source, it has rarely been used in transition-metal catalysis, due to several obstacles. However, significant advances in the metal-mediated utilization of ammonia have been made recently. This review presents the most recent examples in metal-mediated amination and other relevant reactions with ammonia or ammonium salts.
Ammonia (NH3) is a cheap, abundant, and readily available nitrogen source, being one of the chemicals produced in the greatest quantities. Whereas ammonia is utilized mainly as a feedstock for the production of fertilizers, it is also employed in industry as a component of various nitrogen-containing compounds. In metal catalysis, in contrast, ammonia has been used only with limited success, due to several difficulties such as generation of stable Lewis acid-base adducts, facile ligand exchange for ammonia in active metal complexes, a propensity towards undesired second transformations of initially formed species, and the requirement for special equipment to run the reactions. Despite these obstacles, the direct use of ammonia in catalysis has continuously attracted great interest, leading recently to significant progress. Whereas liquid or gaseous ammonia were most commonly employed in the past, under harsh conditions, notable catalytic reactions using easy-to-handle ammonium salts under milder and more convenient conditions have now been developed. In this review we briefly describe the most recent examples of transition-metal-catalyzed reactions using ammonia or ammonium salts.