PART 1...........


PART 2 AT.......
will be updated

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.


10 Gosogliptin 

ChemSpider 2D Image | Evogliptin | C19H26F3N3O3

CAS: 1222102-29-5 FREE
Dong-A Pharmaceutical. Co., Ltd동아제약 주식회사
2-Piperazinone, 4-((3R)-3-amino-1-oxo-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butyl)-3-((1,1-dimethylethoxy)methyl)-, (3R)-
4-[3(R)-Amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butyryl]-3(R)-(tert-butoxymethyl)piperazin-2-one hydrochloride
DA-1229 is a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26) inhibitor currently being developed in phase III clinical studies at Dong-A for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
In 2014, Eurofarma aquired rights for product development and commercialization in Brazil.

Evogliptin Tartrate

86…………H. J. Kim, W. Y. Kwak, J. P. Min, J. Y. Lee, T. H. Yoon, H. D. Kim, C. Y. Shin, M. K.
Kim, S. H. Choi, H. S. Kim, E. K. Yang, Y. H. Cheong, Y. N. Chae, K. J. Park, J. M.
Jang, S. J. Choi, M. H. Son, S. H. Kim, M. Yoo and B. J. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett.,
2011, 21 (12), 3809-3812.
[87] …………K. S. Lim, J. Y. Cho, B. H. Kim, J. R. Kim, H. S. Kim, D. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, H. J. Yim,
S. H. Lee, S. G. Shin, I. J. Jang and K. S. Yu, Br. J. Clin. Pharmacol., 2009, 68 (6), 883-
  • Originator Dong-A Pharmaceutical
  • Developer Dong-A ST
  • Class Amides; Antihyperglycaemics; Fluorobenzenes; Piperazines; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action CD26 antigen inhibitors
  • Orphan Drug Status No
  • On Fast track No
  • New Molecular Entity Yes
  • Available For Licensing Yes – Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase III Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Most Recent Events

  • 01 Sep 2014 Phase-I clinical trials in Type-2 diabetes mellitus (In volunteers) in United Kingdom (PO)
  • 31 Jul 2014 Phase-III clinical trials in Type-2 diabetes mellitus in South Korea (PO)
  • 31 Jul 2014 Dong-A ST initiates enrolment in a phase I trial in patients with renal impairment in South Korea (NCT02214693)
Evogliptin Tartrate
WO 2010114291
Formula 1
Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-C000001

Korea Patent Publication No. 2008-0094604 the call to the scheme, as indicated by A Ⅰ) of formula (II) beta-compound of formula 3 is already substituted heterocyclic compound having 1-hydroxy-benzotriazole group (HOBT) 1-ethyl-3- (3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and reacting with a tertiary amine to prepare a compound of formula (4) connected by peptide bonds; Ⅱ) beta comprises the step of reacting under acidic conditions a compound of the formula (4) – a method of manufacturing the heterocyclic compounds of the formula I having an amino group is disclosed.
- Scheme A]

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000001
(Wherein, PG is a protecting group.)
In this case, the beta of the formula (2) of Scheme A – a compound having an amino group is prepared in addition to the DPP-IV inhibitor International Publication represented by Formula 1 WO03 / 000181, WO03 / 004498, WO03 / 082817, WO04 / 007468, WO04 / 032836, WO05 / 011581, WO06 / 097175, WO07 / 077508, WO07 / 063928, WO08 / 028662 WO08 / it may be used for the production of different DPP-IV inhibitors according 087,560 and can be prepared in a number of ways.
To, the compound of Formula 2 is an example as shown in Scheme J. Med.Chem. 2005; 141, and Synthesis 1997; it can be produced by the known method described in 873.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000002
Specifically, (2S) – (+) – 2,5- dihydro-3,6-dimethoxy-2-isopropyl-pyrazine 2,4,5-trifluoro-react with benzyl bromide and acid treatment, and then the amine an ester compound obtained by the protection reaction. Ester compounds are hydrolyzed to re-3- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) -2-amino-propionic acid tert such as isobutyl chloroformate, triethylamine or diisopropylethylamine to give the amine, and then using diazomethane to form a diazo ketone, and then may be prepared by reaction with silver benzoate. However, the reaction can be performed at low temperature (-78 ℃) or high alpha-amino acid to purchase and use, and may have a risk of problems such as the need to use large diazomethane.

To a different process for preparing a compound of Formula 2 as shown in scheme Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 2006; It is known in 2622; 205 or similarly Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2007.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000003
That is, a 1,1′-carbonyl-2,4,5 which the phenyl trifluoroacetic acid activated using the following imidazole mono-methyl words potassium carbonate is reacted with the beta-keto ester compound is prepared. This produced an enamine ester using ammonium acetate and ammonium solution, the ester compound chloro (1,5-cyclooctadiene) rhodium (I) dimer using a chiral ferrocenyl ligands I the reaction of the high-pressure hydrogen with a chiral primary amine with a beta-amino ester compound after production and can lead to hydrolysis to prepare a compound of formula (2). However, use of expensive metal catalyst has a problem that must be performed in high pressure hydrogenation.

The method for preparing a compound of Formula 2 is disclosed in International Publication No. WO 04/87650.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000004
Specifically, 2,4,5-fluorophenyl reagent is oxalyl chloride, the acid activated acid with 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione, and after the reaction of methanol and the resulting material at reflux to prepare a corresponding compound. With a selective reducing reagents which enantiomers (S) -BINAP-RuCl 2 and hydrogen through a reaction (S) – producing a compound having coordinated to each other, it again after the decomposition, and the singer O- benzyl hydroxyl amine and the coupling reaction and the intermediate is prepared. To do this, the resulting intermediate tree azodicarboxylate and diisopropyl azodicarboxylate presence ring condensation reaction, treated with an aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide to (R) – while having the formula (II) coordinated to the amine group protected with a benzyl-O- the compound can be produced. However, the method has a problem as a whole to be prepared by the reaction yield to be low and a long processing time to perform the reaction.

Thus, the conventional known method for producing a compound of the general formula (2) has the disadvantage of using expensive reagents, or not suitable for commercial mass-production method by a long synthesis time yield is also low.

In addition, the compound represented by General Formula (3), as described in Korea Patent Publication No. 2008-0094604 call, can be prepared by way of reaction schemes.

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000005
Specifically, the starting material D- serine methyl ester is substituted by a hydroxy group when reflux again substituted by trityl chloride as methoxy groups converted to the aziridine compound.
[Scheme 3]

Figure PCTKR2010001947-appb-I000008
<Example 3> (R)-4-[(R)-3-아미노-4-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부타노일]-3-(t-부톡시메틸)피페라진-2-온(화학식 1) Preparation of the hydrochloride
Step 1: t- butyl (R)-4-[(R)-2-(t-부톡시메틸)-3-옥소피페라진-1-일]-4-옥소 - 1-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부탄-2-일카르바메이트(화학식 Preparation of 4)
2 L flask, prepared in Example 1 (R) -3-t- butoxycarbonyl-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butanoate acid (Formula 2) 10.0 g of toluene was dissolved in 450 mL of bis (2,2′-benzothiazolyl) disulfide 13.0 g, was cooled and then 10.2 g triphenylphosphine was added to the reaction solution at 0 ℃. While stirring the reaction mixture was added to a solution of 0.8 mL of triethylamine in 20 mL of toluene was stirred at room temperature for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 ℃ and prepared in Example 2 (R) -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2-one (Formula 3) was dissolved in 5.6 g of toluene and 40 mL pyridine a 2.4 mL was added slowly. After 30 minutes the reaction mixture was heated to room temperature and stirred for 1 hour. Saturated sheet to be the aqueous acid solution to a pH of 2.5 and then diluted with ethyl acetate 400 mL. Washed twice with brine and the organic layer was dehydrated with magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography to give the title compound 838 mg.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3) δ 7.03 (m, 1H), 6.88 (m, 1H), 5.97 (m, 1H), 5.48 (m, 1H), 4.16 ~ 4.07 (m, 1H), 4.02 ~ 3.91 (m, 1H), 3.74 (m, 2H) 3.37 (m, 2H), 3.24 (m, 1H), 2.92 (m, 2H), 2.80 (m, 1H), 2.59 (m, 2H), 1.34 ( d, 9H), 1.13 (s, 9H)

Step 2: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butane five days] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- on the production of (I) hydrochloride
Prepared in Step 1 t- butyl (R)-4-[(R)-2-(t-부톡시메틸)-3-옥소피페라진-1-일]-4-옥소-1-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부탄-2-일 카르바메이트 97 mg was dissolved in methanol was added 3 mL 2N- hydrochloric acid / diethyl ether 2 mL was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under reduced pressure to give 64 mg of the title compound as a foaming solid.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.37 (m, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 4.59 ~ 4.40 (m, 1H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 3.90 ~ 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 1H), 3.38 (m, 2H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.07 (m, 2H), 2.89 ~ 2.66 (m, 2H), 1.18 (s, 3H ), 1.11 (s, 6H)
Mass (M + 1): 402

<Example 4> (R)-4-[(R)-3-아미노-4-(2,4,5-트리플루오로페닐)부타노일]-3-(t-부톡시메틸)피페라진-2-온(화학식 1) tartaric acid salts
Step 1: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) butane five days] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- Preparation of one (I)
Example 3 to give a compound of formula I in hydrochloride 60 mg 5% sodium hydrogen carbonate in dichloromethane was added to 10 mL of an aqueous solution / 2-propanol (4/1 (v / v)) was added to the mixed solution and extracted two times 10 mL The organic layer was dried under reduced pressure to give 55 mg of the title compound as a solid.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.27 (m, 1H), 7.14 (m, 1H), 4.56 ~ 4.39 (m, 1H), 3.96 ~ 3.81 (m, 3H), 3.70 (m, 1H) , 3.46 (m, 1H), 3.43 ~ 3.32 (m, 1H), 2.83 ~ 2.65 (m, 3H), 2.58 ~ 2.40 (m, 2H), 1.16 (s, 3H), 1.11 (s, 6H)
Mass (M + 1): 402

Step 2: (R) -4 – [(R) -3- amino-4- (2,4,5-trifluorophenyl) butanoyl] -3- (t- butoxymethyl) piperazin-2- one (I) tartaric acid salt [
Was dissolved 55 mg of the compound of step 1 in 0.56 mL of acetone, L- tartrate 26 mg ethanol / water (9/1 (v / v)) was added slowly to a solution of 0.35 mL was stirred for 30 minutes. Here was added 0.56 mL of 2-propanol was stirred for 10 minutes and re-filtered to give 77 mg of the title compound as a solid.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.38 (m, 1H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 4.80 (m, 1H), 4.59 ~ 4.40 (m, 1H), 4.40 (s, 2H), 3.93 (m, 1H), 3.90 ~ 3.83 (m, 2H), 3.70 (m, 1H), 3.38 (m, 2H), 3.27 (m, 1H), 3.07 (m, 2H), 2.89 ~ 2.66 (m, 2H ), 1.15 (s, 3H), 1.11 (s, 6H)
Mass (M + 1): 402
WO 2010114292
Discovery of DA-1229: a potent, long acting dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011, 21(12): 3809
Full-size image (3 K)
A series of β-amino amide containing substituted piperazine-2-one derivatives was synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of dipeptidyl pepdidase-4 (DPP-4) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. As results of intensive SAR study of the series, (R)-4-[(R)-3-amino-4-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)-butanoyl]-3-(t-butoxymethyl)-piperazin-2-one (DA-1229) displayed potent DPP-4 inhibition pattern in several animal models, was selected for clinical development.
About evogliptin tartrate tablets
Evogliptin tartrate tablets is a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor, in tablet form. Evogliptin tartrate
tablets is expected to be approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Group holds
an exclusive intellectual property licence from Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. to develop
and commercialise evogliptin tartrate tablets in China, including the exclusive right to develop
evogliptin tartrate tablets for manufacturing and sale in the Group’s name. The new drug certificate
to be issued by the CFDA will be approved and registered under the Group’s name.
Evogliptin is a patented new molecular entity in the United States and other international markets.
Evogliptin tartrate tablets is being concurrently developed by Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.
for the Korean market. Based on information released from a multi-centre, phase II, randomised,
double-blind, placebo-controlled, therapeutic exploratory clinical trial conducted in Korea by
Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. to investigate the efficacy and safety of evogliptin, evogliptin
was proven to be effective in significantly lowering blood glucose levels in patients with type
2 diabetes. Data also show that the body weights of patients remain stable over the treatment
period. In addition, evogliptin was proven to be safe and well tolerated with no severe adverse
drug reactions observed during those phase II clinical trials. The Company believes evogliptin
tartrate tablets will help reduce the burden of patients with moderate-to-severe renal impairment
as pharmacokinetic study in animal model and healthy human volunteers showed low renal
According to the statistics of IMS Health Incorporated, the market size of products for the
treatment of diabetes in China in 2013 was approximately RMB7.8 billion, and grew at a
compound annual growth rate of 23.4% from 2011 to 2013.

Dong-A ST
14 April 2015 – 5:45pm
Oh Seung-mock
Dong-A ST has licensed its new diabetes drug Evogliptin to 17 Latin American countries including Mexico, Venezuela, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Dominican Republic, and Uruguay, Jung Jae-wook, Dong-A ST’s PR manager, told Business Korea.
Dong-A ST and Eurofarma, a Brazilian pharmaceutical company, concluded the licensing contract at Dong-A ST’s headquarters on April 13 in Seoul.
Eurofarma will be responsible for Evogliptin’s product development and sales in the 17 Latin American countries, Dong-A ST said. Dong-A ST will receive royalties from Eurofarma, and export the raw material of the medicine.
Dong-A ST has been developing Evogliptin with the support of the Ministry of Health & Welfare of South Korea as an innovative new medicine research project since May 2008. Evogliptin is a DPP-4 remedy based on the inhibition mechanism which is “excellent” at reducing blood sugar, whilst “less likely” to cause weight increases and hypoglycemia, the company said.
Park Chan-il, president of Dong-A ST, said that Dong-A ST will pursue further out-licensing “over the globe,” through continuous investment in research and development.
Maurizio Billi, Eurofarma’s president, wished to expand both companies’ partnership in the innovative new remedy development sector, according to Dong-A ST.
Last July, Dong-A ST and Eurofarma concluded a contract out-licensing Evogliptin to Brazil itself, the company said.
- See more at:


GRC 8200; 868771-57-7, EMD-675992
GRC-8200, a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor (DPP-IV), is currently undergoing phase II clinical trials at Glenmark Pharmaceuticals and Merck KGaA for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In 2006, the compound was licensed by Glenmark Pharmaceuticals to Merck KGaA in Europe, Japan and N. America for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, however, these rights were reaquired by Glenmark in 2008.




P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.




CAS No.:361442-04-8
  • Saxagliptin 15ND2;
  • Onglyza;
Exact Mass:315.19500
Molecular Weight:315.41000



13c nmr predict

Saxagliptin, (1S,3S,5S)-2-(2S)-2-Amino-2-(3-hydroxyadamantan-1-yl)-acetyl)-2-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-3-carbonitrile of the following chemical structure:
Figure US08410288-20130402-C00001

is a dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP4) inhibitor. Saxagliptin is marketed under the trade name ONGLYZA® by Bristol-Myers Squibb for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Saxagliptin and its hydrochloride and trifluoroacetic acid salts are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,395,767. In addition, U.S. Pat. No. 7,420,079 discloses Saxagliptin and its hydrochloride, trifluoroacetic acid and benzoate salts, as well as Saxagliptin monohydrate.
U.S. 2009/054303 and the corresponding WO 2008/131149 application disclose several crystalline forms of Saxagliptin and of Saxagliptin salts. The crystalline forms of Saxagliptin reported in that patent application are a monohydrate (denoted there as form H-1), a hemihydrate (denoted there as form H0.5-2), a dihydrate (denoted form H2-1) and an anhydrous form (denoted there as N-3).
WO 2005/117841 (the '841 application) describes the cyclization of Saxagliptin to form the therapeutically inactive cyclic amidine. The '841 application reports that such cyclization can occur both in solid state and solution state.
WO 2010/115974 discloses Forms: I-S, HT-S, IV-S, and HT-IV-S of Saxagliptin hydrochloride.

Org. Process Res. Dev.200913 (6), pp 1169–1176
DOI: 10.1021/op900226j

Abstract Image
The commercial-scale synthesis of the DPP-IV inhibitor, saxagliptin (1), is described from the two unnatural amino acid derivatives 2 and 3. After the deprotection of 3, the core of 1 is formed by the amide coupling of amino acid 2 and methanoprolinamide 4. Subsequent dehydration of the primary amide and deprotection of the amine affords saxagliptin, 1. While acid salts of saxagliptin have proven to be stable in solution, synthesis of the desired free base monohydrate was challenging due to the thermodynamically favorable conversion of the free amine to the six-membered cyclic amidine 9. Significant process modifications were made late in development to enhance process robustness in preparation for the transition to commercial manufacturing. The impetus and rationale for those changes are explained herein.
Monohydrate 1 was isolated as a white solid (58.2 kg, 88%). 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD2Cl2- d6) δ 5.25 (dd, J1 ) J2 ) 1.0 Hz, 1H), 4.93 (dd, J1 ) 10.6 Hz, J2 ) 2.3 Hz, 1H), 3.55-3.50 (m, 1H), 3,35 (s, 1H), 2.45 (ddd, J1 ) 16.1 Hz, J2 ) 10.9 Hz, J3 ) 5.6 Hz, 1H), 2.25 (dd, J1 ) 13.6 Hz, J2 ) 2.5 Hz, 1H), 2.18-2.10 (m, 2H), 1.83-1.42 (m, 15H), 1.40-1.27 (m, 3H) 1.0-0.87 (m, 2H) 

13C NMR (100 MHz, CD2Cl2) δ 173.43, 120.15, 68.83, 60.90, 46.57, 45.51, 45.08, 45.01, 41.62, 38.15, 37.92, 37.35, 35.88, 30.98, 30.93, 30.80, 18.00, 13.69. 

MS (FAB) m/z 316 [M + H]+


Saxagliptin NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 361442-04-8 NMR spectral analysis, Saxagliptin H-NMR spectrum

Saxagliptin NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 361442-04-8 NMR spectral analysis, Saxagliptin C-NMR spectrum

 two amino acid derivatives (A) and (B), described in further detail hereinbelow, coupled in the presence of a coupling reagent. The amide coupling of (S)-a[[(l,l-dimethyleethoxy)carbonyl]amino]-3- hydroxytricyclo []decane-l-acetic acid (A) and (lS,3S,5S)-2-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-3- carboxamide (B), subsequent dehydration of the primary amide and deprotection of the amine affords saxagliptin (C).
Figure imgf000002_0001

synthetic route is disclosed as follows:
Figure imgf000011_0001

Figure imgf000012_0001

Figure imgf000015_0001

Figure imgf000016_0001

Figure imgf000017_0001




Savage, Scott A., et al., "Preparation of Saxagliptin, a Novel DPP-IV Inhibitor", Organic Process Research & Development, 2009, vol. 13, pp. 1169-1176.

US639576716 Feb 200128 May 2002Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanyCyclopropyl-fused pyrrolidine-based inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and method
US699518327 Jul 20047 Feb 2006Bristol Myers Squibb CompanyAdamantylglycine-based inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and methods
US718684628 Mar 20056 Mar 2007Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanyProcess for preparing a dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor and intermediates employed therein
US721470223 May 20058 May 2007Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanyReacting the amide compound with phosphorus oxychloride in an organic solvent; treating the reaction mixture with water to form (1S,3S,5S)-2-[(2S)-2-amino-2-(3-hydroxytricyclo[,7]dec-1-yl)-1-oxoethyl]-2-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-3-carbonitrile-hydrochloride
US72235732 May 200529 May 2007Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanyEnzymatic ammonolysis process for the preparation of intermediates for DPP IV inhibitors
US742007918 Nov 20032 Sep 2008Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanyIntermediates for making 1(alpha-amino-1-(cyclopropyl-fused pyrrolidinylcarbonyl)methyl)-3-hydroxyadamantanes, e.g., methyl 3-hydroxy-<a-oxotricyclo[,7]decane-1-acetate
US747081011 Jan 200530 Dec 2008Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanySuch as 1-dodecane-thiotrifluoroacetate; alkyl/arylthiol is treated with trifluoroacetic anhydride in presence of pyridine, solvent (dichloromethane), and dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as catalyst; for protection of amino acids
US774108212 Apr 200522 Jun 2010Bristol-Myers Squibb CompanyProcess for preparing dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors and intermediates therefor
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WO2001068603A25 Mar 200120 Sep 2001Bristol Myers Squibb CoCyclopropyl-fused pyrrolidine-based inhibitors of dipeptidyl iv, processes for their preparation, and their use
WO2008131149A218 Apr 200830 Oct 2008Squibb Bristol Myers CoCrystal forms of saxagliptin and processes for preparing same
WO2010115974A19 Apr 201014 Oct 2010Sandoz AgCrystal forms of saxagliptin
WO2011140328A15 May 201110 Nov 2011Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.Saxagliptin intermediates, saxagliptin polymorphs, and processes for preparation thereof

Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8748631 *24 May 201210 Jun 2014Apicore, LlcProcess for preparing saxagliptin and its novel intermediates useful in the synthesis thereof
US20130023671 *24 May 201224 Jan 2013Apicore, LlcProcess for preparing saxagliptin and its novel intermediates useful in the synthesis thereof

  • 1. Scott A. Savage, Gregory S. Jones, Sergei Kolotuchin, Shelly Ann Ramrattan, Truc Vu, and Rebert E. Waltermire (2009) Preparation of Saxagliptin, a Novel DPP-IV Inhibitor, Organic Process Research & Development., 13, 1169-1176.
  • 2. Santosh K. Sing, Narendra Manne and Manojit Pal, (2008) Synthesis of (S)-1-(2-chloroacetyl)pyrrolidine-2-carbonitrile: A key intermediate for dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 4, No. 20.
  • 3. U.S. Pat. No. (2010) 0274025 A1.
  • 4. U.S. Pat. No. (2006) 0035954 A1.
  • 5. U.S. Pat. No. (2005) 0090539 A1.
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  • 7. Tetrahedron 59 (2003) 2953-2989




PART 1...........

PART 2 .......

PART 1...........

PART 2 ......

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.


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